PM Scheme Part-6 Soil health card scheme, Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana, PM Sansad Adarsh Yojana,

PM Scheme- Part-6 Soil Health Card Scheme
Launched 17 February 2015
Budget ₹568 crore (US$89 million)
The scheme aims at promoting soil test based and balanced use of fertilisers to enable farmers to release higher yields at lower cost.
Plans - The target for 2015–16 is to collect 100 lakh soil samples and test these for issue of soil health cards.2 crore cards are under printing and will be distributed before March 2016.The government plans to distribute 14 crore soil health cards by 2017
About Soil Health Card Scheme
Soil Health Card Scheme is a very beneficial scheme for farmers. There are so many illiterate farmers in India. And they do not know which types of crops they should grow to get maximum yield. Basically, they do not know the quality and the type of their soil. They might know by experience what crops grow and what crops fail. But they don’t know what they can do to improve the condition of the soil.
So, the Soil Health Card Scheme is an initiative by Prime Minister for the welfare of farmers. Under the scheme, the farmers will get a soil health card. This card will contain details about what kind of soil is there in the farmers’ land. Also, it will list what crops they can grow in their land to get maximum profits. And what corrective measures the farmers can take to improve the yield.
Under the scheme, the government plans to issue soil cards to farmers which will carry crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilisers required for the individual farms to help farmers to improve productivity through judicious use of inputs. All soil samples are to be tested in various soil testing labs across the country. Thereafter the experts will analyse the strength and weaknesses (micro-nutrients deficiency) of the soil and suggest measures to deal with it. The result and suggestion will be displayed in the cards. The government plans to issue the cards to 14 crore farmers.
Key Features of the Soil Health Card SchemeThe government is planning to cover as many as 14 crore farmers under the scheme.The scheme will cover all the parts of the country.In the form of soil card, the farmers will get a report. And this report will contain all the details about the soil of their particular farm.A farm will get the soil card once in every 3 years.                     The Soil Health Card Scheme will do a proper review of the sample of the soil. And after the review, a soil health card will be prepared which will contain below details.Health of the soil.Functional characteristics of the soil.The content of water and various nutrients in the soil.If the soil has any additional properties, the card would list those.The corrective measures which a farmer can take to improve the flaws of his soil.Performance
As of July 2015, only 34 lakh Soil Health Cards (SHC) were issued to farmers as against a target of 84 lakh for the year 2015–16. Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Mizoram, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand and West Bengal were among the states which had not issued a single SHC under the scheme by then.The number grew up to 1.12 crore by February 2016.As of February 2016, against the target of 104 lakh soil samples, States reported a collection of 81 lakh soil samples and tested 52 lakh samples.            Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
Date of launch - 25th July, 2015
Launched by PM Narendra Modi
Budget of ₹756 billion (US$12 billion)
Minister of Power and Energy (IC) - Shree Piyush Goyal
Working area - Power Supply In Rural Areas
Supervision - Ministry of Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy.
Earlier existing scheme Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)
It is one of the key initiatives of the NDA government 2014-2019.
The initiative is named in honor of Indian political philosopher Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
About Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
The DDUGJY scheme will enable to initiate much awaited reforms in the rural areas. It focuses on feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas. This will help in providing round the clock power to rural households and adequate power to agricultural consumers .The earlier scheme for rural electrification viz. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) has been subsumed in the new scheme as its rural electrification component.
The Ministry of Power has launched a new app, GARV-II app to provide real-time data of all six lakh villages of the country. The app is envisaged to ensure transparency in the implementation of rural electrification programme. The new app will also enable the citizens to participate in the developmental works and can give their feedback and inputs related to the rural electrification programme. The participation of Citizens will enable public scrutiny of the rural electrification programmes. In addition, the village-wise works sanctioned under Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) has been mapped to scrutinise the progress of work carried out under the project in each village.
The deadline for the Centre's rural electrification programme is May 2018.
Main Features Or Objective For Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
Agricultural Feeder separation under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti yojana (DDUGJY) :
There are few components associated with the DDUGJY scheme launched successfully throughout the country, which aims to total electrification of the nation, mainly in the rural areas. Feeder separation in agricultural is one of the major components of this scheme. With this component, the Govt. will be able to separate all the technical infrastructures associated with the agricultural consumers. This will make the non – agricultural components independent and will have better electrification facilities. Efficient rural electrification under the DDUGJY can only be obtained via proper measures of feeder segregation because cutting off of agricultural power supply will not result to cutting of power supplies to homes, schools, etc. Thus, the household will get ample amount of power supply, even if agricultural power supply gets interrupted.
DDUGJY satisfying increasing power supply demand :
The demand of power supply, mainly in rural areas was increasing day by day throughout the nation. As a result of which, frequent load shedding and power shortage was inevitable. The new DDUGJY scheme in India was a launched which was treated as the permanent solution to the power owes in the nation. Day by day, the population of the country is multiplying, resulting in exponential increase in power demand. The Govt. if worked with the traditional techniques or power management and distribution would never be able to cope up with the situation. Hence, the DDUGJY scheme is a revitalizing technique to bring reforms and modernization in power production, transmission and distribution not only in the cities, but also in rural areas.
Modernization of sub – transmission techniques under the DDUGJY scheme :
Sub-transmission is a very vital technique which is implemented in power transmission system. The sub-transmission is a low voltage power transmitting technique which is used because the main transmission systems carry higher voltages and it is not efficient to transmit it. Hence, the sun-transmitting is used to convey the power supply onto the semi rural and rural areas. The DDUGJY scheme aims to regroup and strengthen the sun-transmission system in the country so that, less loops in the power transmission system can be obtained, resulting in efficient electrification of the areas.
Improving the distribution network under the DDUGJY scheme :
Earlier before the launch and implementation of DDUGJY scheme, it was seen that the distribution companies / agencies which were assigned to do run the distribution part were underperforming due to several issues, one of them was lack of proper funds. Hence, the Govt. wanted to improve the power distribution network across the country under the DDUGJY scheme. A major chunk of the corpus allocation of DDUGJY scheme will go for financially strengthening the distribution network to achieve high electrification of both rural and urban areas.
Metering consumers under DDUGJY scheme :
Under the DDUGJY scheme, one very important step was taken by metering all the consumers throughout the nation. This will not only bring transparency in the system, but also will save Govt. for further incurring huge losses due to illegal power and electricity consumption. The commercial viability of electrification of entire nation will be done through this metering process. All categories of consumers, be it a single household or an industry must have metered power supply under the DDUGJY scheme.
Scheme
Keeping in view the above problems, Ministry of Power, Government of India has launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana for rural areas having following objectives:
To provide electrification to all villagesFeeder separation to ensure sufficient power to farmers and regular supply to other consumersImprovement of Sub-transmission and distribution network to improve the quality and reliability of the supplyMetering to reduce the losses
BenefitsAll villages and households shall be electrifiedIncrease in agriculture yieldBusiness of Small and household enterprises shall grow resulting in new avenues for employmentImprovement in Health, Education, Banking (ATM) servicesImprovement in accessibility to radio, telephone, television, internet and mobile etc.Betterment in social security due to availability of electricityAccessibility of electricity to schools, panchayats, hospitals and police stations etc.Rural areas shall get increased opportunities for comprehensive development.    Pradhan Mantri Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
Launched on 11th October 2014
Each MP to develop three villages by 2019
The programme was launched by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on the birth anniversary of Jayaprakash Narayan
The distinct feature of this Yojana is that it is (a) demand driven (b) inspired by society (c) based on people's participation.
About Pradhan Mantri Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched last week, for the development of model villages. Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.
The first Adarsh Gram must be developed by 2016, and two more by 2019. From 2019 to 2024, five more Adarsh Grams must be developed by each MP, one each year. This implies that a total of 6,433 Adarsh Grams, of the 2,65,000 gram panchayats, will be created by 2024. Key features of the Yojana are outlined below.
Key objectives of the Yojana include:The development of model villages, called Adarsh Grams, through the implementation of existing schemes, and certain new initiatives to be designed for the local context, which may vary from village to village.Creating models of local development which can be replicated in other villages.
Identification of villages
MPs can select any gram panchayat, other than their own village or that of their spouse, to be developed as an Adarsh Gram. The village must have a population of 3000-5000 people if it is located in the plains, or 1000-3000 people if located in hilly areas.
Lok Sabha MPs can choose a village from their constituency, and Rajya Sabha MPs from the state from which they are elected. Nominated members can choose a village from any district of the country. MPs which represent urban constituencies can identify a village from a neighbouring rural constituency.
Values of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
Far beyond mere infrastructure development, SAGY aims at instilling certain values in the villages and their people so that they get transformed into models for others.
These values include:
Adopting people’s participation as an end in itself – ensuring the involvement of all sections of society in all aspects related to the life of village, especially in decision- making related to governance
Adhering to Antyodaya – enabling the “poorest and the weakest person” in the village to achieve well being
Affirming gender equality and ensuring respect for women
Guaranteeing social justice
Instilling dignity of labour and the spirit of community service and voluntarism
Promoting a culture of cleanliness
Living in consonance with nature – ensuring a balance between development and ecology
Preserving and promoting local cultural heritage
Inculcating mutual cooperation, self-help and self-reliance
Fostering peace and harmony in the village community
Bringing about transparency, accountability and probity in public life
Nurturing local self-governance
Adhering to the values enshrined in the Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties of the Indian Constitution.
FundingNo new funds are allocated to this Yojana and funds may be raised through :
Funds from existing schemes, such as the Indira Awas Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Mahatma Gandhi
National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, and Backward Regions Grant Fund, etc.,
The Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS),
The gram panchayat’s own revenue,
Central and State Finance Commission Grants, and
Corporate Social Responsibility funds.
Adopting VillagesList of villages adopted by MPs, State wise can be viewed here 
List of a few important adoptions :
Under the scheme, Narendra Modi has adopted Jayapur village his constituency Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.
Y. S. Chowdary has adopted Ponnavaram village in Krishna district in Andhra Pradesh.
Sonia Gandhi adopted Udwa village in her constituency Rae Bareli in Uttar Pradesh.
Rahul Gandhi adopted Deeh village in his constituency Amethi in Uttar Pradesh.
V. K. Singh adopted Mirpur Hindu in his constituency Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.
Ahmed Patel adopted Vandari village in Rajpipada, Gujarat.
Sachin Tendulkar adopted Puttamraju vari Kandriga(P.R.Kandriga) a village near Gudur in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh.
Harish Dwivedi adopted Amorha Khas village in Basti district, Uttar Pradesh.                                                 PM Scheme Part-7 UMANG scheme, PM Ujjwala Yojana, Swadesh Darshan And PRASAD scheme please click here                        

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