April 07, 2020

PM Scheme Part -9 AMRUT Yojana, Skill India, Mission Indradhanush,

PM Scheme Part-9 Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
Established 24 June 2015
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Development (earlier name JNNURM)
JNNURM Stands For "Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission"
Sector: Urban planning
Launched by (prime minister): Narendra Modi
Ministry: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) along with smart cities were jointly planned and launched by the government to transform urban living conditions through infrastructure upgradation. AMRUT is aimed at transforming 500 cities and towns into efficient urban living spaces over a period of five years. Ministry of Urban Development has selected the five hundred cities with the help of state governments.
A project oriented development approach is adopted under the scheme in contrast to the area based approach of Smart Cities Mission. The Cabinet approved Rs 50,000 crore for this mission which is to be spent over a period five years. A unique feature of AMRUT is that it is a centrally sponsored scheme with 80% budgetary support from the Centre. Formula for Allocation of AMRUT cities among States was based on total population and number of statutory urban towns (50:50) 
Mission of AMRUT
is to
(i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection;
(ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks); and
(iii) reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
About ₹1 lakh crore (US$16 billion) investment on urban development under Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation of 500 cities has already been approved by the government.
Some of the broad targets of AMRUT scheme are ascertaining that every one has access to tap water and sewerage facilities, greenery like parks and open spaces are well maintained, digital and smart facilities like weather prediction, internet and WiFi facilities, pollution reduction by encouraging the public for using cheaper but secure public transport etc.                             Mission Indradhanush
Launched: 25 December 2014 by Union Health Minister J. P. Nadda
Main objective of Mission Indradhanush
The Mission Indradhanush, depicting seven colours of the rainbow, targets to immunize all children against seven vaccine preventable diseases namely
Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Childhood Tuberculosis, Polio, Hepatitis B and Measles.
"As per the Indradhanush plan", the public sector banks will be provided with Rs. 10,000 crore in the next fiscal. Additional allocation would be made if required,” he said while presenting Budget 2017-18.
Under Indradhanush roadmap announced in 2015, the government will infuse Rs. 70,000 crore in state banks over four years while they will have to raise a further Rs. 1.1 lakh crore from the markets to meet their capital requirement in line with global risk norms, known as Basel-III.
In line with the blueprint, public sector banks has been given Rs. 25,000 crore in each fiscal, 2015-16 and 2016-17.
Besides, Rs. 10,000 crore each would be infused in 2017-18 and 2018-19.
Aim of expanding immunization coverage to all children across India by year 2020.
About Mission Indradhanush
Mission Indradhanush is a health mission of the government of India. It was launched by Union Health Minister J. P. Nadda on 25 December 2014.It aims to immunize all children under the age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against seven vaccine preventable diseases.
In addition to this, vaccines for JE (Japanese Encephalitis) and Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type B) are also being provided in selected states. Immunization is the key to protect children from life threatening conditions that are preventable. As per MOHFW, immunization coverage in India has increased from 61% to 65% only from 2009-2013. So, MOHFW has decided to intensify its efforts in immunization though this mission.
Objectives of Mission Indradhanush
The government intends to cover 201 high focus districts in the first phase of year 2015. These districts have nearly 50% of all unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children. Out of these 201 districts, 82 districts lie in just four states of India namely, UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Nearly 25% of the unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children of India live in these 82 districts of 4 states. Furthermore, another 297 districts will be targeted in the second phase of year 2015.
Goal And Strategy of Mission Indradhanush
The Mission is strategically designed to achieving high quality routine immunization coverage while contributing to strengthening health systems that can be sustained over years to come. In the last few years, India’s full immunization coverage has increased only by 1% per year. The Mission has been launched to accelerate the process of immunization and achieve full immunization coverage for all children in the country.
The Government has identified 201 high focus districts across 28 states in the country that have the highest number of partially immunized and unimmunized children.
Mission Indradhanush will target these districts through intensive efforts and special immunization drives to improve the routine immunization coverage in the country. Strategy
The government has planned to conduct four special vaccination campaigns between January and June 2015. All vaccines are already available free of cost under universal immunisation programme in India. Under this mission, government plans to intensify its efforts and thus increase accessibility of these vaccines to all the children of India. The ultimate goal of Mission Indradhanush is to ensure full immunization with all available vaccines for children up to two years and pregnant women.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush
Keeping up with its commitment to improve immunization coverage and addressing equity, MoHFW, GoI has implemented various intensification strategies including its flagship program, “Mission Indradhanush” launched in December 2014. Mission Indradhanush aimed to fully immunize more than 90% of new-borns by 2020 through innovative and planned approaches to reach all children. Under Mission Indradhanush, all the vaccines provided under Universal Immunization Program were administered to children and pregnant women. A total of 528 districts were covered during the various phases of Mission Indradhanush.
While acknowledging the impact of Mission Indradhanush in improving immunization coverage across the districts over the three phases, Hon’ble Prime Minister through PRAGATI platform, emphasized the need of a supplemental aggressive action plan to cover all left outs and drop outs in select districts and urban areas with low routine immunization coverage in a specific time-frame (December 2018). In the light of the above, Government of India is introducing “Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI)” in select districts and urban areas of the country to achieve the target of more than 90% coverage.
The strategy of IMI is to cover all left outs and drop outs in select districts and urban areas with low routine immunization coverage in a specific time-frame (December 2018). These districts will focus on improving immunization coverage through need based interventions in Intensified Mission Indradhanush drives, based on a comprehensive gap analysis, with strengthened involvement of relevant non-health departments and enhanced accountability frameworks. The gains thus achieved need to be sustained through strengthening health systems and microplanning by incorporating IMI sessions into routine immunizations sessions.
The key to effective implementation of targeted rapid interventions to improve the routine immunization coverage are;Inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination
Action based review mechanism Intensive monitoring and accountability framework IMI will focus on children up to 2 years of age and pregnant women who have missed out on routine immunization. However, vaccination on demand to children up to 5 years of age will be provided during IMI rounds.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush will primarily focus on:Areas with vacant sub centres-ANM not posted or absent for more than 3 monthsUnserved/low coverage pockets in sub-centre or urban areas, due to issues around vaccine hesitancy of program reach; sub centre/ANM catering to populations much higher than normsVillages/areas with three or more consecutive missed routine immunization sessions.                High risk areas identified by the polio eradication program that are not having independent routine immunization sessions and clubbed with some other routine immunization sessions such as;1. Urban slums with migratory population2. Nomadic sites (brick kilns, construction sites, other migrant settlements-fisherman villages, riverine areas with shifting populations, underserved and hard-to-reach populations-forested and tribal populations, hilly areas, etc.
Areas with low routine immunization coverage identified through measles outbreaks, cases of diphtheria and neonatal tetanus in the last two years. Intensified Mission Indradhanush Immunization drive will be spread over 7 working days starting from 7th of every month. These 7 days do not include holidays, Sundays and the routine immunization days planned in that week. After the completion of proposed 4 rounds, the states are expected to undertake measures to sustain the gains from IMI through activities like inclusion of IMI sessions in routine immunization plans. The sustainability of IMI will be assessed through a survey, and the decision to conduct another phase of IMI will be based on the findings of this survey
Mission Indhradhanush - Districts covered
Phase I - 201 districts
Phase II - 352 districts
Phase III - 216 districts
Phase IV - The fourth phase of Mission Indradhanush has already begun in North-eastern states - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripu from 7th February 2017 and will be rolled out in rest of the country in April 2017.           Skill India                                     The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi Launched on 15th July 2015.
Ministry Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Monitored by Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship
Skill Development in Youth 
and Making Skill available to All Youth of India
Details Description For "Skill India"
Skill India is a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Damodardas Modi on 15 July 2015 which aim to train over 40 crore (400 million) people in India in different skills by 2022. It includes various initiatives of the government like "National Skill Development Mission", "National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015", "Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)" and the "Skill Loan scheme".
Various initiatives under this campaign are:
National Skill Development MissionNational Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)Skill Loan schemeRural India Skill
Role of Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship
The Ministry is responsible for co-ordination of all skill development efforts across the country, removal of disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower, building the vocational and technical training framework, skill up-gradation, building of new skills, and innovative thinking not only for existing jobs but also jobs that are to be created.
The Ministry aims to Skill on a large Scale with Speed and high Standards in order to achieve its vision of a 'Skilled India'. It is aided in these initiatives by its functional arms – National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) and 33 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) as well as 187 training partners registered with NSDC. The Ministry also intends to work with the existing network of skill development centres, universities and other alliances in the field. Further, collaborations with relevant Central Ministries, State governments, international organizations, industry and NGOs have been initiated for multi-level engagement and more impactful implementation of skill development efforts.
As of 15 February 2016, the "Indian Leather Development Programme" trained 51,216 youth in a span of 100 days and it plans to train 1,44,000 young persons annually. Four new branches of "Footwear Design & Development Institute" — at Hyderabad, Patna, Banur (Punjab) and Ankleshwar (Gujarat) — are being set up to improve training infrastructure. The industry is undergoing acute skill shortage and most of the people trained are being absorbed by the industry.
Skill India Developments
Oracle on 12 February 2016 announced that it will build a new 2.8 million sq. ft. campus in Bengaluru will be Oracle's largest outside of its headquarters in Redwood Shores, California.Oracle Academy will launch an initiative to train more than half-a-million students each year to develop computer science skills by expanding its partnerships to 2,700 institutions in India from 1,700 at present.
Japan's private sector is to set up six institutes of manufacturing to train 30,000 people over 10 years in Japanese style manufacturing skills and practices, primarily in the rural areas. Japan-India Institute of Manufacturing (JIM) and Japanese Endowed Courses (JEC) in engineering colleges designated by Japanese companies in India in cooperation between the public and private sectors would be established for this purpose. The first three institutes would be set up in Gujarat, Karnataka and Rajasthan in the summer of 2017.
In the budget of fiscal year 2017 - 18 the government of India has decided to set aside Rs. 17,000 crore, the highest ever allocation to this sector, in order to boost the Skill India Mission. At least ten million Indian youth enter the country’s workforce each year, but the employment creation in India has not been able to absorb this influx, making increasing unemployment a severe problem. Through this allocation the government aims at generating employment and providing livelihood to the millions of young Indians who enter the work force every year.
Investment by GovernmentThe government has invested Rs. 4000 crore in the launch of SANKALP (Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion Programme), another big initiative under the Skill India Mission. Through this it aims at providing market relevant training to 350 million young Indians. Apart from this, the government would set up 100 India International Skills Centres that will conduct advanced courses in foreign languages to help youngsters prepare for overseas jobs.                                                                                                       PM Scheme part-10 Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana, Atal Pension Yojana,please click here

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